Flour is these days one of the basic ingredients of meals, as we want to have meals that are easy and fast to prepare. Since humans discovered that cereal and vegetables can be turned into flour, they used it to make food. The basic result is of course bread. It can be made of wheat and rye.
Flour is made from many varieties of cereal and vegetables and used to various kinds of food.
Flour is also made of triticale (hybrid of wheat and rye), barley, oat, corn, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, amaranth, rice, quinoa, pea, cicer, soyabean, potatoes, manihot and other vegetables.
Flour products like bread or pastry used to be made since many centuries. Today there are not many people who make them by themselves. Both men and women are employed and they do rarely have enough time to prepare meals that take hours to be ready. The modern solution are instant meals that take minutes to be ready to eat and also can be easily kept for a long period before being used.
Taken from: http://www.moose.pl
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The best example are asian noodles that are being used in different types of instant soups and also sold as an ingredient of asian food. They are made of wheat flour with a relatively big amount of water what makes them soft by comparison to normal hard noodles that have to be boiled for at least several minutes. The instant soup with chinese noodles needs only to be poured over by hot water to be ready. You can also prepare the noodles on a frying pan with other ingredients of the meal
to safe time.
There also rice noodles and soyabean noodles (that are accually made of mung beans flour). They have the same attribute - being easy to prepare just putting them into hot water for a few minutes.
Similar invention was developed in snack industry. There are companies that sell dry snack forms to the snack companies - snack pellets
. So called snack pellets can be changed into ready to eat snacks that we can find in a supermarket. The process of changing a snackpellet into a ready snack is frying or baking. Baking is more healthy beacuse the snack contains in effect less fat, is lighter and contains less calories. The flour used in snacks is mostly made of corn
, potatoes, rice, wheat and mixes of some of them.
Flour is also used as a thickening agent in ready sauces, sandwich sauces, dips and salat dressings (like ketchup, garlic sauce, barbecue sauce, vinaigrette etc.). The flour used to thicken the sauce or soup is not a new invention. In old recipes it was often used, mostly the potato flour and starch. Potato starch is often called potato flour despite it is not exactly the same.The difference between flour and starch is how they are being made - the flour is made of boiled potatoes
, the starch from raw ones - snackpellet